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5% addition of ethanol to gasoline can cost R$ 125 to more consumer


This article was translated by an automatic translation system, and was therefore not reviewed by people.


Cost is due to the performance of ethanol in the car, which yields 35% than petrol Photo: Eurico Dantas / Extra

The 5% increase in the amount of ethanol in gasoline, given by the government to contain the impact of high inflation in the fuel can cause the opposite effect on the consumer's pocket from May 1. The mechanical engineer Ennio Peres, professor of graduate studies in Energy Planning, State University of Campinas (Unicamp), estimates that with the new mix - 25% ethanol instead of 20% - gasoline will endear 1 75% for drivers if her price remains the same, possibility allowed by the Ministry of Mines and Energy.

- The government will replace the fuel by 5% anhydrous ethanol, yielding 65% of the energy of gasoline. Soon, he will lose, in the end, 1.75% (5% times 35%, which is the difference) of energy per kilometer and will pay for it - says Ennio.

According to Peres, a car popular walks in the city, on average, two thousand kilometers a month. As the average consumption is 10km / l, the average price of gasoline in Rio remains, in a month the consumer will pay R$ 10.40 more: 200 liters times R$ 0.052 - the difference of 1.75 % applied to the current value of a liter, R$ 2.975, according to ANP. At the end of the year, the account reaches R$ 124.80 to over spending.

Cost also depends on the car's engine
The National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) claims that the change in the percentage of ethanol in gasoline does not bring great impact for drivers, because consumption varies according to the car's engine. The organization points out that this is not the first time the government raises the addition to 25%. The value is the limit established by the law 8.723/1993, which determines the minimum 18% and maximum 25% ethanol in gasoline.

The National Association of Vehicle Manufacturers (Anfavea), however, does not rule out a difference in the yield of the new mixture of gasoline, but informs her that she is "invisible" to the consumer.

According to the president of technical affairs committee of the entity, Henry Joseph Junior cars have engines calibrated to operate with the addition of 22% average.

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Source: Extra - online

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